2022–2023 WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers (Essay and Objectives)

2022–2023 WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers (Essay and Objectives)
2022 WAEC GCE Government Exam Questions and Solutions. Thanks for visiting the 2022 WAEC Government Questions and Answers page. You may get the WAEC GCE Government Objective Answers, WAEC Government Essay 2022, WAEC GCE 2022 Government, and the advice you require to easily pass your WAEC GCE Government test here. 2022–2023 WAEC Yoruba Language Exam Questions and Answers (Objectives and Essay)
2022 WAEC GCE Government Exam Questions and Solutions (Expo)
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WAEC GCE Nov./ Dec. 2022 Government Answers Loading…
Below is 2021 Answers:
Today’s GCE Government Answers:
(1a) A sovereign state is a political body with control over a certain geographical area and is represented by a single, centralized government. According to international law, sovereign states must have a continuous population, a territorially established government, and the ability to interact with other sovereign states.
(i) Population: There is no state without a population.Any state’s population, or the total number of people living there, is an important component. Simply put, a state cannot exist without population.
(ii) Territory: A state cannot be isolated from other states if it has no territory. To avoid outside influence and maintain state sovereignty, the borders between states should be carefully maintained. The boundaries of states’ territories are clearly seen on the map.
(iii) Permanence: The state never changes, regardless of the nature of the current administration or how it evolves over time. The element of permanence is what enables the state to grow in its own unique manner.
(iv) Recognition: The region that is referred to be a state should beacknowledged by all current international bodies and other states. War, boundary violations, and other intrusions into state affairs are all prevented by international recognition.
(4) (i) The relationship between the government and the governed is incredibly important. They keep governments more receptive to community demands, particularly in the interim between elections.
(ii) Pressure organizations have the ability to represent minority groups in the community whose opinions might not otherwise be heard.
(iii) Influence groups can use their knowledge to give the government crucial information. This has frequently been the defense used in connection to driving associations like the RACQ. It also applies to problems like inter-Indigenous harmony.
(iv) Pressure organizations provide the government with advice that is distinct from that provided by the Public Service.
(v) Pressure groups typically encourage chances for citizens to participate in politics, without themust affix to a political party. Additionally, they permit the protection of democratic freedoms of expression, assembly, and association.
(i) Igbo politics were acephalous, according to point six. In the vast majority of Igbo communities, there was no designated leader. The Yoruba political structure, however, was monolithic. An Oba or a Baale served as the head of any Yoruba community.
(ii) While monarchy was in force among the Yoruba people, the Igbo people accepted gerontocracy as the Council of Elders effectively assumed the duties of running the affairs of the state.
(iii) Since Yoruba is a monarchy, succession to the throne was determined by hereditary factors. Typically, a deposed, abdicated, or deceased Oba’s offspring assumed leadership. Igbo system was largely Republican in contrast. The titles of Ofo and Ozo were not acquired by inheritance but rather through maturity and wealth.
(iv) Igbo political system emphasized egalitarianism, age and persuasions While Yoruba political system was characterized by political power, legitimacy and check and balances.
(v) Communities in Igbo were totally autonomous While many Yoruba kingdoms regarded Oyo as their political headquarters.
(8) (i)The Governor-General, three official members, three Ministers from each region, and one representative from Southern Cameroon made up the executive body known as the Council of Ministers.
(ii) The executive council in the Northern Region was composed of thirteen ministers, eight of whom had responsibility, and three ex-official members.
(iii) In the Eastern and Western areas, respectively, the positions of speaker and deputy speaker were established. There are no official or special members of the Eastern Region’s House of Assembly.
(iv) Direct elections were used to choose members of the House of Representatives from the regions. There were 92 members in the Northern Region, six in Southern Cameroon, and two in Lagos.
(v) Members of the House of representative were made up of 184 directly elected members, a speaker and three ex-officio members; the Chief Secretary, Financial Secretary and the Attorney General.
GCE Gov. OBJ Answers: Loading…
Note: The answers below are the Nov./Dec. GCE answers.
No 2
 1 -To Give Justice to the people:
The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it. It awards punishment to those who after trial are found guilty of violating the laws of the state or the rights of the people.
2. Interpretation and Application of Laws:
One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws.
3- Due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power
4- it protects civil rights and liberties by striking down laws that violate the Constitution
2a) Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary should be independent from the other branches of government. That is, courts should not be subject to improper influence from the other branches of government or from private or partisan interests
2 (b)
2b) 1 -To Give Justice to the people:
The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it. It awards punishment to those who after trial are found guilty of violating the laws of the state or the rights of the people.
2. Interpretation and Application of Laws:
One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws.
3- Due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power
4- it protects civil rights and liberties by striking down laws that violate the Constitution
Free press: This is the situation where by the press has the opportunity to freely express its opinion and views on national issues.
(3b) (i)Information is defined in as all news, reports, and events pertaining to a state’s everyday operations. It does not contain any details pertaining to or involving leisure activities. But it does include all news, including that pertaining to the executive branch, politics, international relations, the environment, accidents, business, labor, and education, among other topics.
(ii) Influence: This refers to swaying readers’ opinions through editorials, articles, or particular unique features. It also contains editorials, cartoons, and comments made by journalists or editors on news and events.
(iii) Entertainment: Providing readers with entertainment is the press’s other crucial duty. All forms of fiction, including comic strips, stories, etc., may be included under this position. Factual content, sports news, theater reviews, and hobbies sections are also included.
(iv)Advertising: This role of the press can very easily be recognised, because it is commercially oriented. Sometimes, the advertisements also have public service messages under the prestigious advertisements regarding family planning, driving safely, child care, healthcare etc.
(i)No opposition: since only one political party is legally and constitutionally allowed to operate, gives no room for opposition
(ii)it is prone to dictatoeship: the system ensures that the opinion of the ruling elite is strictly enforced on the masses
(iii)One one ideology: there is only one ideology and it may not appeal to the generality of the people
(iv)it is undemocratic: the principle of democracy is ignored
(v)Rule of law: the principle of rule of law and the provisions of the constitution may not be respected
5a) (i)Law: Supremacy and the need for laws to uphold peoples’ legal rights and associated duties.
(ii) Independent Judiciary: Judges must be fair and impartial when defending people’s rights from infringement by other people or by the government.
(iii)Democracy: A democratic political system today allows for unrestricted speech and association.
1.Employment : The Civil service commission is charged with the responsibility for recruiting high-level man-power to the Civil service through competitive examination and oral interviews
2. Promotion : it is the duty of the commission to promote civil servants of top echelon who are due for promotion
3. Dismissal : The commission is empowered to dismiss any civil servant who commits a dismissable offense
4. Efficiency : The commission promotes and maintains efficiency anr integrity of the Civil service
5. Transfer : The transfer of civil servants from one ministry to another within the civil service is done by the civil service commission.
6) (i) Cultural variety: It is stated that the existence of cultural diversity among Nigeria’s ethnic groups facilitates the functioning of a federal government (over 250 ethnic groups in are Nigeria).
(ii) British Colonial Policy: By partitioning the country into districts and administering each one individually, Britain imposed a federal structure. In 1954, Nigeria adopted the Lyttleton constitution, which established a federal government.
(iii) Size of country: Nigeria is a big country, both in terms of population and land, thus federalism is a preferable alternative.
(iv)Availability of human resources: Nigeria has enough of these resources to operate a federal system.
(v) Geographical factor: The adoption of a federal system is made easier by the geographical proximity of the various component units.
(i)Political party formation: In order to advance their cause of achieving independence, nationalists founded organizations such as the NNDP, NCNC, NPC, and AG.
(ii) Petitions: The nationalist sent a number of urgent petitions to the secretary of state for colonies in London.
(iii)Strikes and boycotts are organized by nationalists to support their demands.
(iv)Voting rights: those who supported programs that would have helped them achieve self-government.
(v)Constitutional conferences: The nationalists participated in a few of the gatherings to push for self-government. for example, 1953 and 1957
The questions below are strictly for practice.
(1) A government performs the following roles except (a) safeguarding life and property (b) maintaining law and order (c) providing all the needs of its citizen (d) providing basic welfare needs.
(2) The basic aim of setting up a state is to (a) maintain law and order (b) protect foreign interest (c) promote development (d) provide social facilities.
(3)A political system in which government is in charge of every aspect of citizen’s life is (a) feudalism (b) monarchy (c) democracy (d) totalitarianism
(4) A political system in which the state owns and control the major means of production is known as (a) feudalism (b) socialism (c) fascism (d) capitalism
(5)Communist governments target at distributing goods and services according to (a) gender and class (b) loyalty to the party (c) need and ability (d) work and residence
(6)The theory of separation of powers is associated with (a) Jean Bodin (b) Baron de Montesquieu (c) A. V. Dicey (d) J. J. Rousseau
(7)The process of participating in the selection of leaders in a country in political (a) socialization (b) participation (c) interaction (d) culture
(8)By comparison, a state is (a) less permanent than a government (b) more permanent than a government (c) more changeable than a government (d) equally permanent with a government
(9)In modern democracies, a government is (a) a contract between the rules and the ruled (b) a preserve of the political party in power (c) monopoly of the ethnic groups in the majority (d) alternation of power between the majority and minority tribes
(10)Rule of law can be limited by (a) power (b) state of emergency (c) legitimacy (d) checks and balance
(11)The principles of separation of powers become meaningful when it is linked with the concept of (a) certainty of the law (b) checks and balances (c) legality of the law (d) judicial independence
(12)One of the following factors does not militate against the representative government in West Africa? (a) Electoral irregularities (b) Coup d’etat (c) Gagged media (d) Universal adult suffrage
(13)Those who believe in democracy and good governance are opposed to a single party system because it (a) Encourages weak leadership (b) does not ensure national unity (c) curtails personal liberty  (d) encourages divisiveness
(14)The fundamental law of a country refers to its (a) acts of parliament (b) conventions (c) constitution (d) judicial precedence
(15)A country’s constitution could be coined from the following sources except (a) judicial precedents (b) customary sources (c) statutory sources (d) patty manifesto
(16)Planning and formulation of government policies are first initiated at (a) cabinet meetings (b) media houses (c) political rallies (d) open forum
(17)One of the following is the primary role of parliament? (a) impeachment of the president (b) making of laws (c) ratifying international treaties (d) acting as an electoral college
(18)Judicial review is a mechanism for checking (a) arbitrary use of power (b) irresponsible journalism (c) electoral malpractices (d) military revenues
(19)In a parliamentary system of government, the legislature and executive and fused to ensure (a) supremacy of the ruling party in administering the state (b) smoothness in the administration of the state (c) the constitution is read in parliament at all times (d) the judiciary consults parliament before ruling on cases
(20)A country with homogeneous societies and a small population is suitable for the establishment (a) a nation state (b) a unitary state (c) a federal state (d) an autonomous state
(21)One of the following factors usually leads to the collapse of a confederal state? (a) Weak central government (b) Absence of a confederal parliament (c) III-equipped armed forces (d) absence of a ceremonial Head of State
(22)In the presidential system of government, the chief executive is responsible to the (a) Judiciary (b) monarch (c) electorate (d) senate
(23)One of the following alternatives is a feature of a federation? (a) Unwritten constitution (b) Unicameral Legislature (c) Supremacy of the constitution (d) right to secede
(24)A federal government is a form of (a) decentralization (b) centralization (c) confederation (d) revolution
(25)To preserve individual liberties, the judiciary should (a) consist of hones and impartial judges (b) be appointed by the executive (c) be prosecuted for judgment against the executive (d) participate in partisan politics.
2022 WAEC GCE Government Essay
Although the questions and answers here are not exact 2022 WAEC Government questions and answers, they most likely are.
These inquiries are practice ones. During the WAEC GCE Government examination, a link to the 2022 WAEC GCE Government Expo will be posted on this page. For the answers, return frequently to this page and update it.
2022 WAEC GCE Government Exam Questions and Solutions Loading…

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